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Perù Quechua

The oldest evidence of human presence in Peruvian territory have been dated about 9,000 years BC The Norte Chico civilization was the most complex and ancient society known in Peru. Flourished along the coast of the Pacific Ocean between 3,000 and 1,800 BC These early settlements were followed by other groups such as: Cupisnique, Chavin, Paracas, Mochica, Nazca, Wari and Chimu. In the fifteenth century, the Incas emerged as the great South American culture, over a century was the most important pre-Columbian empire.


Are an ethnic group of semi-nomadic people who live along the territories of Kenya and northern Tanzania. They are among the most well-known African ethnic groups. Because their habits and customs characteristic this tribe has established close to the many national parks of East Africa. The people speak Maa (Maa ɔl), a language belonging to the Nilo-Saharan language family related to Dinka and Nuer. The Swahili is another official language in Kenya and Tanzania: Swahili and English. The last census reported that their current number is about 840,000 individuals.


The Yanomami are an ethnic group of about 20,000 indigenous people who live in some of the 200 villages in the Amazon rainforest on the border between Venezuela and Brazil. The Yanomami are attacked in villages made ​​up of the children and their families. The villages contain between 50 and 400 people. In this system of cohabitation life takes place under a common roof called shabono. The houses have a characteristic Shabono, are oval in shape, with open grounds in the center. They measure an average of 100 meters in length.


They are the native people of North America who lived within the borders of today's continental United States. They shared a territory that stretched from the island of Hawaii to Alaska. The Sioux are integrated into several distinct tribes, states, and ethnic groups, many of which still survive as political communities. The terms used to refer to Native Americans are controversial: according to the U.S. Census Bureau in 1995, together with a series of interviews from house to house, the majority of respondents, preferiscie define themselves as American Indians or just Indians.


Are an ethnic group of indigenous to the Terai region in Nepal, located in the southern foothills of the Himalayas. They are considered the direct descendants of Gautama Buddha, scholars argue that Suddhodhana was the King of Kapilavastu Tharu-Lumbini, the birthplace of the historical Buddha. Archaeological finds confirm that the Tharu ethnic group living in that area for a long time. Today the indigenous Tharus are officially recognized by Goven of Nepal.


The Penan are a nomadic people who live in the part of Sarawak and Brunei. It is one of the last ethnic groups remained unharmed by contact with modernity. The Penan are known pearl their ancient practice of 'Molong' which means: Do not take longer than necessary. In World War II, religious researchers and missionaries settled many of the Penan settlements, mainly in the Ulu-Baram district but also in the Limbang district. Still they feed on plants that are also used as medicines, amulets use for their skin, teeth, bones.


The Maori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand (Aotearoa). They arrived in this country from eastern Polynesia through several waves of migration in 1300 AD Over the centuries, many have remained in isolation. The Maori have developed a unique culture with its own language and a rich mythology. They formed a tribal society based on the worship of the gods of the sea, sky and earth together with ancestral beliefs. In 1450 in this ethnic group emerged an important warrior culture. Even today suffer annihilation post-colonial era.


The Kayapo have managed to establish their own political power on their land. At one time, the extraction and exploitation of the forest mercenary threatened to destroy pristine rainforest areas in addition to their traditional way of life. In retaliation, the Kayapo people worked tactics strong against the lumbers, against the miners and some violent landowners who dominated their territories. Later, they were threatened by government plans secrets caused by the construction of a series of hydroelectric dams. Under the leadership of Paulinho Paiakan, the largest gathering of Altamira Kayapo again attracted the world's attention.


The Mapuche are an indigenous people of the center-south of Chile and the Argentine territory. They constitute a large group made up of various communities. They shared a common struggle for centuries and a unique language and social structure, religious and economic. Their influence extended between the Aconcagua River to the pampas of Argentina. From the colonial era the Mapuche have suffered a terrible repression; still struggling against exploitation and indifference of the government. The Mapuche make up about 4% of the Chilean population. They are particularly concentrated in the region of 'Araucanía.